An analysis finds racial diversity in elite careers such as lawyers and Fortune 500 CEO, have ebbed as a result of the recession that rocked the U.S. There is less of a push for diversity among the upper echelons of many companies than before. Affirmative Action will be on the chopping block with the U.S. Supreme Court takes up the matter sometime this week on whether the “University of Texas can continue to consider race as one of many factors in its admissions policy.” The New York Times reports, that ”even as racial barriers continue to fall, progress for African-Americans over all has remained slow — and in some cases appears to be stalling.”
Only a little more than 1 percent of the nation’s Fortune 500 companies have black chief executives, although there are some prominent exceptions, like Kenneth I. Chenault of American Express and Ursula M. Burns of Xerox. At the nation’s biggest companies, about 3.2 percent of senior executive positions are held by African-Americans, according to an estimate by the Executive Leadership Council, an organization of current and former black senior executives.
While about 12 percent of the nation’s working-age population is black, about 5 percent of physicians and dentists in the United States are black — a share that has not grown since 1990, according to an analysis of census data that was prepared for The New York Times by sociologists at Queens College of the City University of New York. The analysis found that 3 percent of American architects are black, another field where the share has not increased in more than two decades.