Since its founding, the United States has been a predominantly white country, but it has become increasingly ethnically and racially diverse. In fact, the white population is projected to lose majority status by 2045. However, the increasing diversity of the population has not been reflected in the civil service: minority groups are still grossly underrepresented in public office. While the US is often seen as a melting pot, the reality is that minority groups continue to face significant barriers to gaining access to and advancement in public office.
Non-white Americans make up almost 40% of the population, but they account for only 36.5% of government employees. While black Americans are slightly overrepresented in government, other minority groups, especially Hispanics, are significantly underrepresented. Hispanics make up 18.2% of the total population, but only 13.2% of government employees.
The diversity gap, defined as the difference in percentage points between the share of minority workers in the general population and in government, differs by level of government. In fact, minority civil servants are slightly overrepresented in the federal government, where minorities make up 41.3% of workers. However, at the local level, minority civil servants make up only 33.9% of the workforce, meaning a diversity gap of six percentage points. At the state level, the government workforce is also less diverse, with a five percentage point gap.
While the representation of minorities in public office varies by race, ethnicity, and level of government, location is one of the most important factors. The Southwest, as well as parts of the Southeast and Northeast, have the largest percentage of non-white government employees. The states with the largest representation of minorities in public office are Hawaii and New Mexico, where 70.2% and 59.8% of public employees are non-white, respectively. On the other hand, the states with the least diversity of civil servants are Maine, New Hampshire, and West Virginia, where only 6.2%, 7.7%, and 7.7% of civil servants are non-white, respectively.
To determine the states with the most minority governments, HomeandHamper.com researchers analyzed the latest data from the US Census Bureau. The researchers ranked the states by the percentage of non-white civil servants. The researchers also calculated the percentage of non-white residents, the state diversity gap calculated as the difference between the percentage of non-white government employees and the percentage of non-white residents, the total number of non-white civil servants, and the total number of non-white residents.
The analysis found that 53.4% of state employees in Texas are non-white, compared to 36.5% nationally. Of all the US states, Texas ranks 4th in terms of the number of minorities in government. Here is a summary of data for Texas:
- Percentage of non-white civil servants: 53.4%
- Percentage of non-white residents: 58.6%
- Government Diversity Gap (Percentage Points): -5.2
- Total Non-White Government Employees: 995 021
- Total non-white residents: 16 783 523
For reference, here are the statistics for the entire United States:
- Percentage of non-white civil servants: 36.5%
- Percentage of non-white residents: 39.9%
- Government Diversity Gap (Percentage Points): -3.4
- Total Non-White Government Employees: 8 276 344
- Total non-white residents: 130 309 232
For more information, detailed methodology, and full results, you can find the original report on the HomeandHamper.com website: https://homeandhamper.com/cities-with-the-most-minorities-in-government/